* 06.10.1887 La Chaux-de-Fonds
† 27.08.1965 Roquebrune-Cap-Martin
"Le Corbusier is regarded as the most significant architect of the 20th century. With his buildings, books and even his appearance as a "homme machine" wearing a bow-tie and dark glasses, he characterised the concept we have of modern architecture or even the very definition of modern."
Système Les Couleurs
Experts agree that the Swiss-French designer Le Corbusier was the most important and influential architect of the 20th century. He was also an architectural theorist, an urban planner, a painter, artist, sculptor and a furniture designer.
He developed a definition of colour concepts with an architectural basis: the "claviers de couleurs". The first (purist) colour keyboards of 1931 comprise 43 expertly-selected colours.
Le Corbusier focussed on 20 plain colours for his second collection in 1959. The Le Corbusier polychromy comprises a total of 63 exclusive colours.
"Each one of us is attuned to certain colours which control our psyches. Consciously or subconsciously, we are all drawn to a particular colour harmony complying with our most intimate needs. The aim therefore is to offer everyone the possibility to discover the colours lurking within. Hence these colour keyboards ... ... each of these colour keyboards appeals to our personal initiative, offering a reliable basis.
To me, they would appear to represent a tool for precise and specific tasks enabling modern apartments to be attributed a strict architectural colourfulness which simultaneously complies with the natural feelings and intensive needs of each individual."